Plan of Study
Examine the location of Mexico
and its physical and climatic features.
Specify some economic challenges facing the three regions of Mexico.
Describe Mexican culture and the groups that have influenced it.
Chapter 6: Mexico
Mexico forms part of a land bridge that connects North and South America.
It is made up of three mountain ranges, a large central plateau, and coastal
lowlands. Earthquakes and volcanic activity affect the land and people
of Mexico. Due to differences in latitude and altitude there are a variety
of climate zones in Mexico. Landforms and climate combine to create three
Mexico's Native American and European heritage shapes the country's culture.
The Mayan and Aztec civilizations were the best known of Mexico's early
people. A Spanish colony, Mexico won its independence in 1821. Today Mexico's
government is a federal republic.
More than 70 percent of Mexicans live in urban areas. Beautiful plazas
and important buildings are located in the center of these cities. In the
poorer sections, people make houses out of whatever material they can find.
Farming is still important in Mexico, but manufacturing, service industries,
and oil refining play larger roles in the economy. Mexico must find ways
to handle its growing population, pollution, and foreign debt.
Mexico is part of the land bridge connecting North America and South America.
Major landforms in Mexico are deserts, mountains, plateaus, and lowlands.
Much of Mexico's climate is tropical or desert.
Central Mexico has the largest cities and the greatest industrial development
of Mexico's three economic regions.
Oil is Mexico's most important product.
Coffee, rice, sugarcane, and fruit are grown on large and small farms.
Challenges facing Mexico include encouraging industry, creating jobs, and
protecting the environment.
Native Americans were the earliest people to live in Mexico. Spanish explorers
and settlers arrived in the 1500s.
The Roman Catholic religion remains an important influence on the people
Mexico is a federal republic. It's 31 states share power with the national
The culture of modern Mexico mixes old and new art, music, and literature
grown from Native American, Spanish, and Mexican roots.