Plan of Study
Identify the landscapes and
climates of Canada.
Describe Canada's economic resources, activities, and challenges.
Discuss the history and cultural heritage of the Canadian people.
Chapter 5: Canada
Canada, the world's second-largest country in land area, is divided into
ten provinces and three territories. The newest territory, Nunavut, was
created in 1999. It is the homeland of the Inuit, a Native American people.
Geographers divide Canada into six physical regions. Most of Canada has
a cool or cold climate.
Manufacturing, farming, and service industries are Canada's major economic
activities. Like the United States, Canada has a strong, free market economy.
Economic challenges include settling regional differences, working out
Canada's relationship with the United States, and solving environmental
Native Americans and the Inuit were the first Canadians. French and British
settlers later built homes in Canada. It was a colony of Great Britain
until the Dominion of Canada was established in 1867. Canada's government
is a parliamentary democracy, headed by a prime minister. Its culture reflects
the country's diverse ethnic heritage. Some people in French-speaking Quebec
want independence from the rest of Canada.
Canada covers most of the northern part of North America.
Canada has a variety of landforms, including mountains, lowlands, prairies,
and Arctic wilderness.
Most of Canada has a cool or cold climate. Milder temperatures are found
in the southern part of the country.
Canada has one of the world's most developed economies. It is rich in natural
resources, farmland, and skilled workers.
Workers in Canada's cities fill jobs in banking, communication, and other
service industries. Rural Canadians mostly grow grain crops and raise livestock.
Canada faces three major challenges: holding its separate regions together,
working out its trade relationship with the United States, and dealing
with environmental issues.
Native Americans and Inuit were the first Canadians. Europeans, mainly
British and French, later settled Canadian lands and founded the modern
country of Canada.
Cultural differences exist between French-speaking Quebec and the rest
of Canada, which is largely English-speaking.
Canada today is a multicultural country with many different peoples from
throughout the world.
Many people in Quebec want freedom for their province. In 1995 voters there
narrowly defeated a proposal for independence.