Plan of Study
Identify the landforms, populous
areas, and climates of China.
Describe the past and present Chinese economies.
Evaluate the influences on Chinese culture and ways of life.
Outline important details about the economies of Mongolia, Taiwan, and
Chapter 23: China
China is a country with many landforms and climate zones. Between the Himalaya
and Kunlun Shan lies the world's largest plateau&emdash;the Plateau
of Tibet. The Taklimakan and Gobi are harsh deserts. The major rivers,
the Yangtze, the Yellow, and the Xi, flow through the plains and highlands
of eastern China.
In 1949 China became a communist state. In recent years government leaders
have allowed some features of the free enterprise system to develop in
China. This has resulted in rapid economic growth. China has the world's
largest population and one of the world's oldest civilizations. As their
civilization developed, the Chinese tried to keep out foreign invaders.
One way they did this was by building the Great Wall of China. The ancient
teachings of Kongfuzi, Daoism, and Buddhism still influence the people
of China today.
Taiwan is an island close to China's mainland. After their defeat by the
Communists in 1949, one million Chinese refugees fled to Taiwan and established
a democracy. Today, Taiwan has one of the world's most prosperous economies.
Nevertheless, China considers Taiwan part of its country. Mongolia, located
to the north of China, has rugged terrain and a harsh landscape.
China has more people than any other country in the world. It is the world's
third-largest country in area, after Russia and Canada.
Three important rivers--the Huang He, Chang Jiang, and Xi--flow through
fertile river valleys in eastern China.
The western part of China is largely mountains and deserts.
China's climate is affected by monsoons.
Modern China's communist leaders have moved China's economy toward free
Most of China's people are farmers. Rice is the major food crop in the
China's largest urban manufacturing areas lie near rivers or on the coast.
China has one of the world's oldest civilizations.
The early Chinese passed on many inventions to the rest of the world, including
paper, ink, porcelain, and the first printed book.
Mongolia has a landscape of rugged mountains, plateaus, and desert.
Taiwan has a prosperous economy based on high-technology industries, manufacturing,
Hong Kong, once under British rule, became part of China in 1997. Macao
was a European colony and returned to Chinese rule in 1999.