Plan of Study
Africa and Its Neighbors
Review the geography of South
Outline the geographic features of the Atlantic countries of southern Africa.
Compare and contrast the countries of Zambia, Malawi, and Botswana.
Discuss the geography of the Indian Ocean countries of southern Africa.
Chapter 21: South Africa and Its Neighbors
The Republic of South Africa is located at the southern end of the African
continent. It is the most developed country in Africa. South Africa is
the world's largest producer and exporter of gold. There are also large
deposits of other mineral resources. In 1994 South Africa held its first
democratic elections in which people from all ethnic groups could vote.
Angola and Namibia have long coastlines on the Atlantic Ocean. The Namib
Desert runs along the coast of both countries. Most of Angola's people
are farmers. The country's major export, however, is oil. Namibia has rich
mineral deposits. Unfortunately, most of Namibia's people continue to live
The Zambezi River flows across the country of Zambia. Zambia also has large
deposits of copper. Zimbabwe takes its name from an ancient African city
and trading center: Great Zimbabwe. Botswana lies in the center of southern
Africa. The Kalahari Desert spreads over the southwestern part of the country.
The Indian Ocean countries of Mozambique, Madagascar, Comoros, Mauritius,
and Seychelles are mostly farming nations. These countries are struggling
to develop more varied economies.
Republic of South Africa
Most of inland South Africa is a high plateau.
Because of its mineral resources, South Africa has the most developed economy
In recent years, South Africa has given equality to citizens of all ethnic
groups and is struggling to become a democracy.
Angola has large deposits of oil, diamonds, and iron ore.
Two major deserts cross Nambia. This harsh landscape limits agriculture
Inland Southern Africa
Zambia is one of the world's largest producers of copper.
Tiny, mountainous Malawi has a large lake running almost the entire length
of its eastern border.
Zimbabwe has many mineral resources and good farmland.
Desert covers a large part of Botswana.
Indian Ocean Countries
Mozambique's ports on the Indian Ocean are used by landlocked countries
in southern Africa.
Madagascar's people trace their ancestry to African and Southeast Asian