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Articles of Confederation & Constitutional Convention Quiz

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

America’s first form of government was the
a.
Declaration of Independence.
c.
the Constitution.
b.
the Articles of Confederation.
d.
the Bill of Rights.
 

 2. 

The Articles of Confederation did all of the following except
a.
served as the first plan of government for the United States.
c.
divided power equally among the three branches of government.
b.
formed a loose union of the states.
d.
passed the Northwest Ordinance which helped plan for the adding of new states.
 

 3. 

An important challenge facing the Constitutional Convention was how to balance the
a.
needs of eastern and western states.
c.
rights of slaves and slave holders.
b.
interests of large and small states.
d.
demands of farmers and workers.
 

 4. 

The Great Compromise was primarily related to
a.
representation in Congress.
c.
selection of Supreme Court justices.
b.
election of the president.
d.
checks and balances.
 

 5. 

James Madison is known as the “Father of the Constitution” for all of the following except
a.
He was the oldest and wisest of the delegates to the convention.
c.
He convinced George Washington to attend the convention.
b.
He took notes on everything said during the convention.
d.
After studying modern and ancient government, he came to the convention with a new plan of government (Virginia Plan).
 

 6. 

Most delegates to the Philadelphia Convention agreed on the need to __________ the power of the central (national) government and __________ the powers of the state governments.
a.
increase, increase
c.
decrease, increase
b.
increase, decrease
d.
decrease, decrease
 

 7. 

The delegates appointed __________ as the President of the Constitutional Convention because he was admired and trusted.
a.
George Washington
c.
Benjamin Franklin
b.
James Madison
d.
Roger Sherman
 

 8. 

To ensure the secrecy of the convention, the delegates
a.
gathered in Philadelphia.
c.
closed the windows and drapes.
b.
meet during the summer months.
d.
denied publicly that they were meeting.
 

 9. 

If voting today, which state would most likely support the Virginia Plan?
a.
Montana
c.
Wyoming
b.
Alaska
d.
California
 

 10. 

Which group benefited most from the Three-Fifths Compromise?
a.
Northern women
c.
Northern factory workers
b.
Southern Plantation owners
d.
Southern slaves
 

 11. 

Federalism divides the power between
a.
the states and federal government.
c.
local, city, and state governments.
b.
the cities and state governments.
d.
the Congress and the President.
 

 12. 

This part of the Constitution states the purpose of this document
a.
the articles
c.
the preamble
b.
the amendments
d.
the index
 

 13. 

Which choice is an example of “checks and balances?”
a.
The president can sign bills into law.
c.
The Supreme Court can declare laws unconstitutional.
b.
With enough votes, Congress can pass laws.
d.
Both the President and members of Congress must win elections.
 

 14. 

Which of the following is a definition of a republic?
a.
In a republic, power is divided between the states.
c.
In a republic, judges and bureaucrats write laws.
b.
In a republic, the people themselves make the law.
d.
In a republic, elected representatives make laws,
 

Short Answer
 

 15. 

What are the three branches of government and what is the role of each branch?
 

Essay
 

 16. 

What was an argument used by the Anti-Federalist as to why they would not accept the Constitution? How did the Federalist try to counter or address their argument?
 



 
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