Name: 
 

14.1 Practice



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The separation of peoples of different races is called
a.
segregation.
c.
integration.
b.
boycotting.
d.
civil disobedience.
 

 2. 

President Dwight D. Eisenhower had to enforce the Brown decision at Central High School in
a.
New York, New York.
c.
Little Rock, Arkansas.
b.
Montgomery, Alabama.
d.
Charlotte, North Carolina.
 

 3. 

Whose actions led to a boycott of city buses in Montgomery, Alabama?
a.
Rosa Parks
c.
Orval Faubus
b.
Elizabeth Eckford
d.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
 

 4. 

Who, along with 60 other ministers, began the Southern Christian Leadership Conference?
a.
Thurgood Marshall
c.
Earl Warren
b.
Rosa Parks
d.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
 

 5. 

Mohandas Gandhi used protest methods based on
a.
integration.
c.
segregation.
b.
civil disobedience.
d.
scare tactics.
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 

 6. 

African Americans had suffered from racism and ____________________ in the United States since colonial times.
 

 

 7. 

The ____________________ was founded in 1909 to work on behalf of African Americans.
 

 

 8. 

On ____________________, the Supreme Court ruled that it was unconstitutional to separate schoolchildren by race.
 

 

 9. 

To refuse to use in order to show disapproval is to ____________________.
 

 

 10. 

Refusing to obey laws considered unjust is called _________________________.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Thurgood Marshall
b.
Philip Randolph
c.
integration
d.
Plessy v. Ferguson
e.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
f.
NAACP
g.
Linda Brown
 

 11. 

prominent labor leader
 

 12. 

NAACP lawyer
 

 13. 

ended school segregation
 

 14. 

plaintiff in Brown vs. Board of Education
 

 15. 

bringing races together
 

 16. 

upheld segregation laws
 

 17. 

works to end civil rights injustices
 

Short Answer
 

 18. 

What standard did the Supreme Court case of Plessy v Ferguson establish?
 

 19. 

How did the Montgomery bus boycott end?
 

 20. 

Who argued before the Supreme Court that separate schools violated the Fourteenth Amendment?
 

 21. 

What is discrimination?
 

 22. 

What group did the governor of Arkansas use to prevent African American students from entering Central High School?
 



 
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