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Chapter 4 Study Guide

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which state joined the Union in 1876?
a.
Colorado
c.
Montana
b.
Oklahoma
d.
Kansas
 

 2. 

The Central Pacific relied on workers who were
a.
Chinese.
c.
Irish.
b.
German.
d.
African American.
 

 3. 

Riding, roping, and branding skills were first developed by
a.
dry farmers.
c.
vaqueros.
b.
sodbusters.
d.
homesteaders.
 

 4. 

What is it called when thousands of cattle run in panic?
a.
dry farming
c.
a branding
b.
homesteading
d.
a stampede
 

 5. 

Which two Native American nations lived as farmers and hunters?
a.
Arapaho and Apache
c.
Sioux and Comanche
b.
Omaha and Osage
d.
Cheyenne and Apache
 

 6. 

The Indian Peace Commission recommended that native Americans be
a.
eliminated.
c.
moved to reservations.
b.
honored.
d.
captured or killed.
 

 7. 

Who was the Civil War veteran defeated by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse?
a.
Helen Hunt Jackson
c.
J.M. Chivington
b.
William McKinley
d.
George Custer
 

 8. 

The last Native American to surrender formally to the United States was
a.
Sitting Bull.
c.
Crazy Horse.
b.
Geronimo.
d.
Chief Joseph.
 

 9. 

United States soldiers killed more than 200 Lakota Sioux at
a.
Sand Creek.
c.
Wounded Knee.
b.
San Carlos.
d.
Ghost Dance.
 

 10. 

What organization formed the People's Party?
a.
National Grange
c.
Federal Farmers Association
b.
4-H Club
d.
Farmers' Alliances
 

 11. 

The network of farmers' self-help organizations eventually came to be called the
a.
Southern Alliance.
c.
Long Drive.
b.
National Grange.
d.
Pikes Peak.
 

 12. 

The Union Pacific relied on workers who were
a.
Chinese.
c.
Irish and African American.
b.
British.
d.
German.
 

 13. 

A symbol that marks ownership burned into the hide of cattle is called
a.
a homestead.
c.
a brand.
b.
dry farming.
d.
a sodbuster.
 

 14. 

What was one approach of the sodbusters?
a.
dry farming
c.
lode farming
b.
wet farming
d.
ore farming
 

 15. 

Texas ranches that were not fenced in or divided into lots were
a.
sodbusters.
c.
open range ranches.
b.
dry farms.
d.
branding farms.
 

 16. 

What nomadic Plains nation followed the buffalo?
a.
Crow
c.
Cheyenne
b.
Apache
d.
Sioux
 

 17. 

Who was the Apache leader who led raids against settlers and the army in Arizona during the 1880s?
a.
Geronimo
c.
Crazy Horse
b.
Chief Joseph
d.
Sitting Bull
 

 18. 

The break up reservations and encouraging Native Americans to become farmers was proposed by the
a.
Bureau of Indian Affairs.
c.
Dawes Act.
b.
Freedman's Bureau.
d.
Native American Act.
 

 19. 

Sitting Bull was killed when police tried to arrest him for mistakenly believing he was leading
a.
Wounded Knee.
c.
raids in Arizona.
b.
the Ghost Dance movement.
d.
the Dawes Act Rebellion.
 

 20. 

Which was not a legacy of the Populist Party that the government adopted?
a.
abandon the gold standard
c.
add a federal income tax
b.
adopt an eight-hour workday
d.
limit presidents to one term
 
 
“. . . For eleven years [Mrs. Bergson] had worthily striven to maintain some semblance of household order amid conditions that made order very difficult. Habit was very strong with Mrs. Bergson, and her unremitting efforts to repeat the routine of her old life among new surroundings had done a great deal to keep the family from disintegrating morally and getting careless in their ways. The Bergsons had a log house, for instance, only because Mrs. Bergson would not live in a sod house. . . .”
–Willa Cather, O Pioneers!
 

 21. 

mc021-1.jpg According to the excerpt, pioneer women on the Great Plains
a.
were a force for order and stability.
b.
were careless.
c.
could not maintain household order.
d.
set up housekeeping in ideal conditions.
 
 
“. . . The Indians gradually contracted their circle, although maintaining the full speed of their ponies, until sufficiently close to open fire upon the soldiers. . . . [T]he cavalrymen opened fire from their carbines, with most gratifying results. The Indians, however, moving at such a rapid gait and in single file, presented a most uncertain target. . . . [T]he savages availed themselves of their superior—almost marvellous—powers of horsemanship. Throwing themselves upon the sides of their well-trained ponies, they left no part of their persons exposed to the aim of the troopers except the head and one foot, and in this posture they were able to aim the weapons either over or under the necks of their ponies, . . .”
–General G. A. Custer, My Life on the Plains, or Personal Experiences with Indians, 1876
 

 22. 

mc022-1.jpg This passage expresses Custer’s _______________ skills of the Native Americans.
a.
astonishment at
c.
respect for
b.
ignorance of
d.
contempt for
 

 23. 

mc023-1.jpg The writer of this passage, along with all of his men, lost their lives at
a.
Fort Lyon.
c.
Wounded Knee.
b.
Little Bighorn.
d.
Sand Creek.
 
 
“We are now held on Comanche and Kiowa lands, which are not suited to our needs. . . . Our people are decreasing in numbers here, and will continue to decrease unless they are allowed to return to their native land. . . .
“There is no climate or soil which, to my mind, is equal to that of Arizona. We could have plenty of good cultivating land, plenty of grass, plenty of timber and plenty of minerals in that land which the Almighty created for the Apaches. It is my land, my home, my fathers' land, to which I now ask to be allowed to return. I want to spend my last days there, and be buried among those mountains. If this could be I might die in peace, feeling that my people, placed in their native homes, would increase in numbers, . . .”
–Geronimo, Apache chief, August 1877
 

 24. 

mc024-1.jpg In this excerpt, Geronimo asks
a.
to be given more land for his people.
b.
to return with his people to their native land in Arizona.
c.
to be given justice in a fair jury trial.
d.
for the U.S. government to honor their treaty with the Apaches.
 

 25. 

mc025-1.jpg
mc025-2.jpg Based on the time line, which U.S. event occurred during President Lincoln’s administration?
a.
Homestead Act passed
c.
Italians establish a united kingdom
b.
Suez Canal opens
d.
Stanley and Livingstone meet in Africa
 

 26. 

mc026-1.jpg
mc026-2.jpg Which of the following did not occur in the United States?
a.
Wounded Knee massacre
c.
Populist Party formed
b.
X rays discovered
d.
Dawes Act passed
 
 
nar004-1.jpg
 

 27. 

mc027-1.jpg Study the map. Which railroad company began to lay tracks westward starting in Omaha, Nebraska?
a.
the Central Pacific
c.
the Southern Pacific
b.
the Northern Pacific
d.
the Union Pacific
 

 28. 

mc028-1.jpg In what town did the Central Pacific railroad begin working eastward?
a.
Sacramento
c.
Promontory Summit
b.
Omaha
d.
Virginia City
 

 29. 

mc029-1.jpg In what territory were the two railroads joined with a golden spike to complete the transcontinental railway?
a.
Idaho
c.
Utah
b.
Colorado
d.
Wyoming
 

 30. 

mc030-1.jpg
mc030-2.jpg Based on the graph, it can be said that between 1850 and 1890 the Native American population
a.
was stable.
c.
was constantly at war.
b.
decreased.
d.
developed written language.
 
 
nar005-1.jpg
 

 31. 

mc031-1.jpg The information on this map suggests that the action at Wounded Knee was essentially which of the following?
a.
massacre of whites
c.
a fair fight
b.
massacre of Native Americans
d.
all of the above
 

 32. 

mc032-1.jpg In which of the following states did the Sioux people live in the time period shown on the map?
a.
Montana, Wyoming, Colorado
b.
Washington, Oregon, Idaho
c.
North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota
d.
North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana
 
 
nar006-1.jpg
 

 33. 

mc033-1.jpg Based on the map, in which state was cattle ranching a major business?
a.
Texas
c.
Iowa
b.
Nebraska
d.
Michigan
 

 34. 

mc034-1.jpg The different cattle trails on the map end at distinct towns. Which of the following do all the towns have in common?
a.
They are all in Kansas.
c.
They are all on railroad lines.
b.
They are all in the Rocky Mountains.
d.
They are all on the Arkansas River.
 

 35. 

mc035-1.jpg
mc035-2.jpg Based on the diagram, which parts of the bison used by Native Americans came exclusively from its head?
a.
hide, bones, hooves
c.
skull, tongue, horns
b.
horns, tongue, hooves
d.
tail, sinew, skull
 

 36. 

mc036-1.jpg
mc036-2.jpg Based on the diagram, which of the following was a goal of the Grange?
a.
sharecropping
c.
ecology
b.
education
d.
athletics
 
 
nar007-1.jpg
 

 37. 

mc037-1.jpg According to Map A, in which present-day country did the buffalo range in North America in 1500?
a.
United States
c.
Mexico
b.
Canada
d.
all of the above
 

 38. 

mc038-1.jpg From the information above, determine which of the following statements is true.
a.
European settlement of North America affected the grasslands but not the buffalo.
b.
European settlement of North America affected the buffalo but not the grasslands.
c.
European settlement of North America affected both the grasslands and the buffalo.
d.
European settlement of North America affected neither the grasslands nor the buffalo.
 
 
nar008-1.jpg
 

 39. 

mc039-1.jpg According to the graph, in what year was the population of Virginia City at its peak?
a.
1870
c.
1920
b.
1860
d.
1900
 

 40. 

mc040-1.jpg According to the graph, what was the approximate population of Virginia City in 1885?
a.
20,000
c.
10,000
b.
3,000
d.
12,000
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Central Pacific
d.
sodbusters
b.
time zones
e.
subsidies
c.
free silver
 

 41. 

government grants
 

 42. 

competed with Union Pacific
 

 43. 

Plains farmers
 

 44. 

created by railroad companies
 

 45. 

demand of Populist Party
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Black Hills
d.
transcontinental railway
b.
Cheyenne
e.
longhorns
c.
“sooners”
 

 46. 

connected the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean
 

 47. 

beat boomers into Oklahoma
 

 48. 

site of gold in Dakotas
 

 49. 

tough breed of cattle
 

 50. 

lived on Great Plains
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Wounded Knee
d.
populism
b.
reservation
e.
National Grange
c.
free silver
 

 51. 

Populist Party issue
 

 52. 

appeal to common people
 

 53. 

site of Sioux massacre
 

 54. 

farmers’ organization
 

 55. 

tract of land for Native Americans
 



 
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