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Chapter 11 Test

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 
 
The New Deal
First New Deal Program
Initials
Begun
Purpose
Civilian Conservation Corps
CCC
1933
Provided jobs for young men to plant trees and build bridges
Tennessee Valley Authority
TVA
1933
Built dams to provide cheap electric power to seven Southern states; set up schools and health centers
Federal Emergency Relief Administration
FERA
1933
Gave relief to unemployed and needy
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
AAA
1933
Paid farmers not to grow certain crops
National Recovery Administration
NRA
1933
Helped set standards for production, prices, and wages
Public Works Administration
PWA
1933
Built ports, schools, and aircraft carriers
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
FDIC
1933
Insured savings accounts in banks approved by the government
Second New Deal Program   
Rural Electrification Administration
REA
1935
Loaned money to extend electricity to rural areas
Works Progress Administration
WPA
1935
Employed men and women to build hospitals, schools, parks, and airports; employed artists, writers, and musicians
Social Security Act
SSA
1935
Set up a system of pensions for the elderly, unemployed, and people with disabilities
Farm Security Administration
FSA
1937
Lent money to sharecroppers; set up camps for migrant workers
Fair Labor Standards Act
FLSA
1938
Established minimum wages and maximum hours for all businesses engaged in interstate commerce
 

 1. 

mc001-1.jpg According to the chart, in what year was the program begun that would supply Southern states with cheap electric power?
a.
1933
c.
1938
b.
1937
d.
1935
 

 2. 

mc002-1.jpg According to the chart, which Second New Deal program employed workers to build schools and parks?
a.
FSA
c.
WPA
b.
AAA
d.
CCC
 

 3. 

To combat the Great Depression, Herbert Hoover authorized additional federal spending on projects for
a.
overseas markets.
c.
public works.
b.
new housing.
d.
the Bonus Army.
 

 4. 

President Franklin D. Roosevelt's legs were paralyzed from
a.
a fall from a horse.
c.
a car accident.
b.
the flu.
d.
polio.
 

 5. 

What act provided monthly pensions for retired people?
a.
WPA
c.
Social Security Act
b.
Townsend Act
d.
Revenue Act
 

 6. 

In 1932 what percent of American workers were unemployed?
a.
50
c.
10
b.
34
d.
25
 
 
“ . . . The major phenomena of the depression were mostly negative and did not assail the eye.
“But if you knew where to look, some of them would begin to appear. First, the breadlines in the poorer districts. Second, those bleak settlements ironically known as _____ in the outskirts of the cities and on vacant lots—groups of makeshift shacks constructed out of packing boxes, scrap iron, anything that could be picked up free in a diligent combing of the city dumps: shacks in which men and sometimes whole families of evicted people were sleeping on automobile seats carried from auto-graveyards, warming themselves before fires of rubbish in grease drums. Third, the homeless people sleeping in doorways or on park benches, . . .”
–Frederick Lewis Allen, Since Yesterday
 

 7. 

mc007-1.jpg Which word correctly fills in the blank for this passage describing the Great Depression?
a.
Hoovervilles
c.
hangouts
b.
settlement houses
d.
homeless shelters
 

 8. 

In 1932 what group marched on Washington demanding a promised payment?
a.
Hoovervilles
c.
the Bonus Army
b.
the RFC
d.
the Payment Army
 
 
“When the closing bell rang, the great bull market was dead and buried. 16,410,000 shares had changed hands. Leading stocks had lost as much as 77% of their peak value. The Dow Jones index was off 40% since September 3. Not only the little speculators, but the lordly, experienced big traders had been wiped out by the violence of the crash and the whole financial structure of the nation had been shaken to its foundations. Many bankers and brokers were doubtful about their own solvency, for their accounting systems had broken down. . . .”
–Jonathan Norton Leonard, Three Years Down
 

 9. 

mc009-1.jpg This passage explains that the stock market crash of 1929 affected
a.
only small speculators.
c.
only big traders.
b.
only inexperienced investors.
d.
the nation’s financial structure.
 
 
nar002-1.jpg
 

 10. 

mc010-1.jpg According to the line graph, in what period did stock prices rise dramatically?
a.
the second half of the 1920s
c.
the first half of the 1930s
b.
the first half of the 1920s
d.
the second half of the 1930s
 

 11. 


Prices During 1932-1934
Sirloin steak (per pound)
$0.29
Chicken (per pound)
.22
Bread (20-ounce loaf)
.05
Potatoes (per pound)
.02
Bananas (per pound)
.07
Milk (per quart)
.10
Cheese (per pound)
.29
Tomatoes (16-ounce can)
.09
Oranges (per dozen)
.27
Cornflakes (8 ounces)
.08

mc011-1.jpg Based on the chart, how much would two quarts of milk, a dozen oranges, and nine pounds of potatoes have cost in 1933?
a.
56 cents
c.
22 cents
b.
65 cents
d.
47 cents
 
 
nar007-1.jpg
 

 12. 

mc012-1.jpg What national disaster most directly accounted for the population change in the middle states shown on the map above?
a.
World War I
c.
dust bowl
b.
stock market crash
d.
Prohibition
 

 13. 

mc013-1.jpg Based on the map, which state’s population changed by more than 50 percent in the 1930s?
a.
Kansas
c.
Vermont
b.
California
d.
Florida
 

 14. 

In the 1930s the United States went into a severe economic state called the
a.
Great Recession.
c.
Great Depression.
b.
Great Inflation.
d.
Great Downturn.
 

 15. 

The southern Great Plains suffered an environmental disaster and became known as the
a.
Rust Belt.
c.
Dust Bowl.
b.
Dead Plains.
d.
Bad Luck Plains.
 
 
nar004-1.jpg
 

 16. 

mc016-1.jpg Roosevelt came closest to losing the election in which year? To which opponent?
a.
1932, Hoover
c.
1936, Landon
b.
1944, Dewey
d.
1940, Dewey
 
 
“These storms were like rolling black smoke. We had to keep the lights on all day. We went to school with headlights on, and with dust masks on.”
–a Texas boy during the 1930s
 

 17. 

mc017-1.jpg This passage describes the environmental disaster that hit the area of the Southern Great Plains, that came to be known as
a.
the Depression Valley.
c.
the Dust Bowl.
b.
the Desperation Plains.
d.
the Rust Belt.
 

 18. 

Who was President Franklin D. Roosevelt's "eyes and ears"?
a.
Hattie Caraway
c.
Ralph Bunche
b.
Eleanor Roosevelt
d.
John Collier
 

 19. 

President Herbert Hoover believed the Great Depression was only temporary and that prosperity was
a.
"a matter of time."
c.
"coming next year."
b.
"due the American people."
d.
"just around the corner."
 
 
“Grocers, motormen, plumbers, seamstresses, and . . . waiters were in the market . . . [The] market had become a national mania.”
–Frederick Lewis Allen
 

 20. 

mc020-1.jpg This excerpt indicates that during the economic boom of the _____, people from all walks of life often invested in the stock market.
a.
mid 1900s
c.
1920s
b.
early 1920s
d.
1930s
 



 
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